It is quite saddening how a lot of people label themselves as web designers but are not even knowledgeable with manual coding of CSS and HTML. This is a big irony, considering how coding CSS and HTML is expected to be part of the skill set of web designers.
The truth is it is not really difficult to master how to write cascading style sheets. But, things could get very daunting if you will use it for a big project without adhering to a defined approach every time you write the code.
Improving your new CSS codes for readability, maintainability, and speed can give you lots of benefits in the long run, whether you are designing your own website or others’ websites.
Below are some useful tips on how you can write easy to manage new CSS codes:
Stick with Useful Naming Conventions
See to it that the names you give your IDs and classes all make sense. You have to ensure that they are generic but not too specific, semantic, or general. Stick with names that are consistent and versatile. You have to remember and consider the possibility of the need for editing in the future. Write your new CSS codes in such a way that you will not blame yourself in the future for not being able to understand and read your own codes. Name classes and elements for the specific functions they serve and not for the way they will look on your web page.
Keep Your Codes Organized
It is one of the most important steps when writing elegant CSS codes. You should keep your codes simple and clean, including the comments. Each element in your CSS style sheet code must be semantically organized and written. You have to use a coherent structure and not just drop in attributes, classes, and IDs every time these come into your mind. A good tip to remember when you write attributes for your classes is to have them written in alphabetical order. One more way is to write these in sections where you group together similar elements.
Group Elements with the Same Properties
Instead of repetitive declaring of styles, it is best to group the ones that are virtually similar. It could be very useful when you design the typography of your website with the use of CSS codes.
Reduce the Style Sheet Size
It will not just help in improving loading speeds as it is also a good way of getting rid of the clutter from your CSS codes. With this, your codes are going to be easier to update and remove. Get rid of the unnecessary bits of code. A good example is not to specify a unit of measure if the value is zero. When the border size has been set to zero, instead of writing this as 0em or 0px, you can simply write 0. After all, one of the most integral aspects of website design is creating pages which can load fast.